The disease is characterized by alternating periods of exacerbation with periods of remission. The disease is considered not contagious and is not infectious in nature. Manifested in individuals of any age.
How to start a psoriasis? The onset is characterized by the appearance of papules. This peel dense bundles of pink hue that rise above the skin. Consider the first signs of psoriasis:
- The appearance of the skin rash is hardly noticeable;
- The individual elements begin to fuse in psoriatic plaques with white scales;
- There is a rapid spread of lesions in a particular area of the skin.
The main cause of pathology is the abnormal reaction of organism to external stimuli, causing the top layers of skin die off quickly in some parts of the body. In a healthy person the cycle of division and maturation of cells is about 28 days in a patient with psoriasis — approximately 5 days.
There are various theories of the disease:
- immune system disorders;
- hereditary disease;
- provoked by infectious diseases;
- unbalanced diet;
- unfavorable climatic conditions;
- the abuse of alcohol;
- constant stress;
- the skin is frequently exposed to injury.
The first signs of psoriasis localization
Psoriasis symptoms appear on the body in the following localizations:
- the scalp;
- lower back;
- folds in the groin area.
Without proper treatment, the lesions can affect mucous membranes, nails and joints.
The symptoms of the disease of the scalp characterized by the appearance of plaques, which are covered with scales that resemble dandruff. The epidermis on the head lining large red scaly plaques. Itching increases. Skin damage comb compounding process, contributing to the progression of the disease. The elasticity of the epidermis decreases, more injured. Bumps on the head of the active flake. The disease affects the hair. In the absence of treatment scalp process can spread to the neck and behind the ears.
On the palms and soles of the Horny layer of the cover increases, coarse, covered with cracks. Cause rapid cell division.
On the nails the disease manifests itself in two ways: the nail is covered with little holes, signs remind you of the nail fungus, thus changing and dims the color of the nails. The nail plate begins to grow and flake off. Through her various groups of psoriatic papules surrounded by a reddish rim that resemble an oil stain. Starting from the edge of the nail, changes are moving towards the root. Beneath the plate accumulate skin cells.
It is impossible to independently put a diagnosis! For accurate diagnosis it is necessary to conduct microscopic examination of scales, using x-rays to examine the joints, to do a blood test. If severe lesions, biopsy tissues.
Some patients note that during periods of acute need for the winter or end of autumn, so the symptoms vary depending on stage and season:
- The initial and progressive stages. New elements are formed continuously, is an active growth of the existing manifestations. Markedly severe flaking, itching.
- Stationary. Papules cease to grow, a new rash appears. On the top layer of the epidermis appear small folds.
- Regressive. Peeling passes, the plaques disappear. In the place of their manifestations are areas of increased pigmentation.
Tissue affected by the pathology, become very susceptible to infections. The disease affects the nerve endings.
Symptoms of psoriasis in children
How to identify psoriasis in children? The first signs in children and infants are not typical. Can easily be confused with candidiasis.
Rashes appear in places that are not typical for lesions on the face, mucous membrane of the genital organs, the folds. Quite often appears on the head or on sites that are subjected to friction. Appear suddenly, rapidly covering the body, face and other areas. The course of disease in children is long and persistent. In infancy petechial bleeding are mild. There is an increase and compaction of the lymph node.
At stationary phase the growth of stops, the infiltration is flattened, reduced flaking. In the regressive stage, the elements dissolve. Lymph nodes are softened and reduced.
Symptoms of psoriasis in men and women
In General, the beginning of the clinical picture does not differ by gender. At an early stage of pronounced symptoms usually does not happen. With the development of disease is a slight flaking, accompanied by itching and irritation. Joins inflammation, itching and irritation worse. After brushing, cracks, scratches, abrasions. Then the spots become bigger, thicken, skin becomes rough. They are found in different parts of the body. Papules pretty quickly covered with silvery scales increase in size, become plaques. Formed pockets with irregular outlines (arc-shaped or ring-shaped).
Men carry the disease more difficult.Symptoms of psoriasis in men are characterized by more severe course, as males often ignore the first signs, starting the disease. The disease can affect the genitals. This is a very unpleasant form of the disease, which is accompanied by constant discomfort and itching. Often psoriasis affects the head of your cock. Redness on the penis is easy to confuse with other diseases.
In women, the signs and symptoms of psoriasis commonly occur during the period of the menstrual cycle. Even the first menstruation sometimes cause the appearance of the disease in girls. Pathology in the genital area can greatly disturb the woman, deliver the physical and psychological discomfort.
Adult men and women can often be found pustular psoriasis, which is not typical for young children. There are small grouped blisters. Inflammation increases, the elements merge, forming purulent areas. Under the crust, you can see the eroded surface. Accompanied by headache, arthralgia, nausea.
Signs of arthropathic psoriasis
This kind of disease affects the joints, it most often affects men. To diagnose the disease more difficult. It may be asymptomatic, but in the joints irreversible changes.
The symptoms of arthropathic psoriasis:
- Is the pain in the joints;
- On the hands, feet are formed by rashes that itch;
- The joints become deformed;
- Swelling and inflammation of the sore;
- In the morning, observed stiffness;
- Pain in the spine.
The symptoms resemble the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, but there are distinctive features:
- Surprised most of the joints between the fingers, the skin is covered with redness;
- In addition to the fingers can affect several other joints, but not simultaneously;
- Often there is inflammation on the big toe;
- Pathology is accompanied by pain in the heels;
- The process involves the intervertebral joints;
- During acute exacerbations on the skin rash appears;
- The disease restricts movement;
- The disease may be asymptomatic.
The appearance of these symptoms, an urgent need to seek a dermatologist and a rheumatologist.
Signs of psoriasis
This is a rare form of disease. The patient has a rash all over the body surface, which causes severe itching and spreading rapidly.
Symptoms of psoriasis:
- Cover in most parts of the body very red;
- The skin peels off;
- Appear pustules, blisters;
- Quickens the pulse;
- Body temperature ranges;
- Appear swelling, pain in the joints;
- Chills, fever.
Complications characterized by oedema and serious infection that can turn into pneumonia and sepsis, chronic heart failure. All of these complications in psoriasis often lead to death.
Prevention of the disease
Combined therapy does not relieve the patient of psoriasis from further exacerbations. The necessary measures for the prevention of disease:
- To avoid disorders of the nervous system need to observe the regime of work, leisure, daily routine, will help a long walk on the air, sport.
- Timely treat inflammatory diseases, especially tonsillitis, otitis, dental caries and other diseases;
- Should abandon professional activities related to continuous traumatization of the skin, nervous-psychic overloads (in most cases, exacerbation provoke stress);
- To give up alcoholic drinks. Alcoholics have several times recorded more often the psoriasis;
- Promptly treat viral diseases;
- Eat right (diet necessarily excludes the foods that most often cause allergies: chocolate, honey, nuts, etc.).