Scientists say that in recent years psoriasis on the body is more common than before. The disease is a chronic inflammatory process which is accompanied by a significant skin lesions red rash in the form of plaques and papules. Unfortunately, to completely rid of the disease no one can. Originating once, the disease pursues a man a lifetime, periodically flaring up with new force. How to treat psoriasis on the body and what tools to use consider in detail.
Feature of pathology is its individual nature and the fact that each patient's psoriasis is manifested in different ways. Often causes rashes remain outstanding, and all what remains to do that the doctors can focus on maximum reduction of symptoms of disease.
What is psoriasis and why it occurs
Disease refers to non-communicable diseases that are related to skin dermatosis. Due to various circumstances the person may disrupt the normal process of skin cell division. A person in normal condition, the update layer of the dermis takes place over 25-30 days. In psoriasis, this period may be reduced to 5 days. This process provokes the loss of connections between cells of the skin, its roughness, separation and rejection. On the skin begin to appear plaques and papules, usually they are bright red or pink color.
What appears psoriasis on the body? Scientists can not give a definite answer to the cause of development of psoriasis. None of the existing theories is not approved and has not been formally proven. There are only assumptions, based on which you can highlight certain causes of the disease. Thus, what appears psoriasis on the body, find out more:
- a metabolic process of the dermis and of the whole organism;
- unstable hormones. Can occur due to disruption of the endocrine system;
- hypothermia and frequent infectious disease;
- the weakening of the immune system;
- frequent mechanical damage, as well as the impact of chemical agents;
- often rashes can occur on the background of psychosomatic disorders;
- the intake of alcohol and certain drugs, and more.
Stages and symptoms of psoriasis
Manifestations of the disease always depend on the stage of the course of disease. Next, let us examine the main stages of the disease and characteristic symptoms for each of them.
The so-called form of the disease with its first manifestation, or at the next exacerbation. This stage is characterized by the emergence of a large number of psoriatic patches which increase in size and are accompanied by severe inflammation. Also present intolerable sense of itching, skin hurts, flakes. The patient feels a strong sense of discomfort.
Stage of inpatient treatment
Here are formed plaques with lower intensity, but about the cleansing of the question. The rash takes the patient all the same discomfort, itch, the skin is irritable and painful. Papules continue to grow and merge into one large lesion. Plaques densely covered with whitish scales.
Also, this stage is called the stage of healing. The growth of papules is stopped, the skin gradually begins to clear. Leaves redness of skin, indicating a decrease in inflammation. It is very important in improving the condition of the patient not to stop treatment. Here all efforts are directed at preventing recurrence and full recovery of the skin.
Species of the disease — the photo looks like psoriasis on the body
Types of pathology is quite a lot. Each has its own characteristics and severity of illness. Next, we consider the main types of psoriasis on the body.
Tabula informibus psoriasis
One of the most common types of the disease. Is found in more than 80% of all patients. Its other name common or vulgar psoriasis. Typical manifestations is the formation of spots on the body that protrude above the skin surface a few millimeters. They have a red or pink color and covered with white or gray scales. The affected skin is itchy and easily damaged.
The lesions are arranged randomly in the form of drops. This type can appear on any area of the skin in both adults and adolescents. The size of the lesions can be quite varied, from the size of a pea to fairly large lesions, with the diameter of the egg. At the initial stage of the plaques may be small, but with the development of the disease their number increases. Gradually, the rash can hide the whole body.
Inverse (psoriasis flexor surfaces)
Externally psoriasis rashes smoother than with other types. Peeling in this form is absent or minimally expressed. Location of plaques mostly in the folds of the skin. Other parts of the body do not suffer. Most often the rash appears in the armpits, in the groin, in women, under the Breasts, on the inner side of the thighs. Deteriorating course of the disease in the summer, as there is active sweat glands. Sweat provokes a favorable environment for pathogenic organisms.
Is the most severe form of the disease. With this form on the patient's body to pop the bubbles with a transparent liquid, which protrude above the skin surface a few millimeters. Such blisters called pustules, hence the name. The skin in places of rash becomes red, inflamed and painful. Usually the pustules are localized on the upper and lower extremities in more severe cases, the rash can spread throughout the body, forming one large lesion.
In medical practice this type of call onihodistrofiya. Here affects the nail plate, with their subsequent distortion and delamination from the body of the finger. The disease is rapidly spreading to healthy nails and skin. Improper treatment or lack of it, scars can remain for life.
The main symptom is detachment of skin lesions, a strong roughness of the skin, inflammation of the dermis and its layers. Here also present symptoms such as itching, swelling, peeling, redness and the development of inflammation.
Often in this form, you may experience blood poisoning, which leads to serious condition of the patient and even death.
In addition to lesions on the body pathology entails the inflammation of the joints. A patient is having severe pain in the joints and muscles. Most often in the fingers and lower limbs. Phalanx can increase in size and seemed to swell. Delayed treatment of the disease often leads to disability.
Basic principles of treatment of psoriasis on the body
Thus, how to treat psoriasis on the body? Most often therapy of a disease begins with the application of funds intended for local use. Special medications in the form of ointments, creams, lotions and sprays applied to the skin in areas of lesions. In milder forms of the disease use of individual drugs in the more severe forms it is recommended to use drugs of combined action.
Brown rough skin doctors recommended to eliminate with a special emollient cream. Ointment for psoriasis on the body is applied in thick layers, it helps soften dead skin dermis layer, m the purpose of elimination.
To assign the cure of psoriasis on the body and medicine in pathology doctor needs exclusively. Often the professionals practice hormonal, non-hormonal ointments, and medicines in composition with vitamin D3.
Along with treatment using synthetic drugs, often use methods such as ultrasound treatment. In medical practice this type of treatment is also called light treatment. This procedure is quite safe and efficient way.
Psoriasis of the scalp it is also used medicated shampoos, gels and masks. To cope with the disease hairline is difficult, since hair is an obstacle to the penetration of therapeutic components.
The use of drugs
Remedy for psoriasis on body should be appointed exclusively by the specialist. Do not self medicate. The patient can easily confuse psoriasis with any other skin disease to treat and is not what you need.
Medications from psoriasis on the body are divided into the following groups:
- Corticosteroids. These funds have a powerful effect, but their biggest disadvantage is a lot of side effects. They should be used strictly on prescription.
- Medications with vitamin D3 in the composition. Vitamins are essential in the treatment of this disease. Saturate the body with magnesium, zinc, potassium helps to restore the immune system and promote healing of the skin.
- Tar preparations. This product is included in Soaps, shampoos, ointments and gels. For getting rid of the disease used juniper, pine and birch tar.
Complications of the use of local funds is not enough. In such cases, doctors inject the treatment phototherapy, laser treatment and other types of physical therapy.
The role of traditional medicine
Next, look at how to treat psoriasis on the body traditional methods. With this purpose, often used ointments are homemade and various tools based on herbs. Consider a few effective recipes, how to treat psoriasis on the body in the home.
Flax seeds for skin cleansing
To prepare the medication must be placed in a thermos 1 liter of 2 tablespoons of flax seeds and Bay with boiling water, tightly close the lid. Infuse the mixture for at least 10 hours. Use tincture need morning and evening on an empty stomach.
The soda treatment
The affected skin is recommended to wipe 5-6 times a day with a solution of ordinary baking soda. To do this in a glass of warm boiled water to dissolve 2 teaspoons of baking soda. In the solution to moisten a cotton pad and carefully handle plaque.
To prepare the medication you need to take onion and finely chop it. The resulting mixture wrapped in cheesecloth and apply to 20-30 minutes to the lesions. The treatment should continue until the cleansing.
Treatment of psoriasis of the body is a complex and lengthy process. Success can only be achieved by treating your health with due care and applying the necessary effort.