Psoriasis is a very common dermatological disease, characterized by scaling and severe itching on the affected skin. There are many types of this disease. The most common types of psoriasis should be considered in detail, and these lesions can also be seen in the photo.
Causes of the disease
The disease is usually chronic. It develops for the following reasons:
- Weakening the immune system. Abnormal immunological processes lead to thickening of the skin, as a result of which the chronic form of the disease begins to develop gradually.
- Genetic predisposition. The likelihood of skin damage is quite high if at least one parent was suffering from psoriasis.
- Nervous disorders and emotional disorders. This is one of the most serious factors in the development of this skin disease.
- Hormonal imbalance. Pathological changes in the endocrine system give an initial boost to the appearance of the first signs of psoriasis.
- Disruption of the body's metabolic processes. This is due to a lack of vitamins and other nutrients.
- The presence of parasitic diseases. Toxic substances with which various types of helminths are poisoned by the human body can cause damage to the skin.
Modern medicine has not yet discovered the exact cause of this pathology.Most of the time, experts discover the relationship between immune system disorders and psoriatic rashes.
Symptoms of the disease
As already mentioned, there are many types of this dermatological disease. Depending on this, the patient may have different symptoms. The most common forms of psoriasis and its signs should be considered in more detail.
Represents the appearance of plates with white scales. The affected skin becomes inflamed and changes color. These plates gradually increase in size, the scales exfoliate over time. Psoriasis on the hands may not have scaly formations, especially in the folds. In these places, the skin turns red, there is intense itching and burning. Inguinal psoriasis develops in the same way. Psoriasis vulgaris of the body can affect most of the skin area.
This form of the disease received its name due to the drop-shaped form of convex psoriatic eruptions. They have a red-purple hue. Drop-shaped neoplasms usually spread on the back, abdomen and affect almost every part of the body. They cause severe itching, especially during periods of exacerbation.Most of the time, this form of the disease develops as a result of infectious diseases.
Pustular psoriasis: photo
This type of psoriasis is the appearance of small tumors filled with a transparent liquid. The skin around these pimples becomes inflamed and red. It is subject to rapid peeling, which causes painful sensations. This form of the disease often manifests itself in the nail plates. The appearance of pustular psoriasis can be seen in the photo.
It develops gradually, the initial stage of the disease can pass without any symptoms. Joint and muscle tissues are damaged. As the patient develops, he begins to experience unpleasant sensations in the area of the affected joints, rigidity of movements is observed, especially when waking up. The skin in the affected area becomes inflamed and turns red. The joints of the upper and lower extremities are most often affected by psoriatic arthrosis.
This is a very common form of the disease. It is characterized by damage to the palms and soles of the feet. In these places, solid foci appear with well-defined edges. Constant dryness and peeling of the skin can cause cracks. In such situations, extreme caution must be exercised, as infection of the resulting wounds may occur. The skin of the affected area becomes hard and rough.
Psoriasis in early stage: photo
How does the development of this pathology begin? This disease at an early stage can be asymptomatic. Small pink plaques usually appear. The surface of the skin is still smooth and shiny. After a few days, the plaques are covered with small scales, and the itching in the affected areas begins to bother you. These scales easily move away from the plaques, under which the skin appears inflamed. This process is called punctate psoriasis.
Psoriasis in children
This disease can occur even in newborns. It is always accompanied by painful sensations in the affected areas, after which a severe itch appears. The formed plaques often crack, minor bleeding begins to occur. This process is called capillary psoriasis. The danger of the form is in the possible infection of the wounds formed in the child.
Psoriasis on the head: photo
It is not uncommon to find damage to the scalp with this disease. With an advanced form of this lesion, the hair falls out and stops growing. The location of the foci can be seen in some places on the head:
- psoriasis behind the ears;
- in the occipital region and on the forehead;
- psoriasis on the neck;
- on the scalp.
A head condition is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:
- mild flaking with itching and irritation;
- inflammation in the affected area;
- scratching sore spots can cause damage;
- the skin gradually becomes thicker and thicker;
- dandruff on the scalp;
- the skin is very susceptible to severe trauma;
- the itch increases every day.
Advanced psoriasis - photo
An advanced form of the disease can lead to dangerous consequences. In addition to psoriatic arthrosis, a person can develop the following pathologies:
- of the heart and blood vessels; ischemic disease
- cardiac arrhythmia.
The patient begins to experience these diseases:
- the inflamed skin is purple;
- general weakness of the body;
- increase in body temperature;
- heart palpitations;
- lack of appetite until total loss;
- weakness in muscles and joints.
With an advanced form of the disease, a significant area of the skin is affected. The patient feels constant weakness and fatigue. Therefore, it is very important to start treatment early.
Consequences of the disease
It is no secret that psoriatic eruptions significantly impair the quality of everyday life. The affected person may have the following psychophysiological problems:
- fear of playing sports;
- the need to constantly hide his illness;
- self-confidence gradually disappears;
- development of a chronic depressive state;
- problems with the opposite sex, a person begins to avoid intimacy with a loved one.
Furthermore, in some cases, this pathology negatively affects a person's choice of professional activity.
Therefore, the disease has a negative impact not only on physical health, but also on the psycho-emotional state. At the first signs of psoriasis, you need to contact a specialist for help. He will prescribe the most effective treatment and help to eliminate the rash as soon as possible.