Can only form some small plaques that do not delay the growth of hair. The disease can develop at any age and often is inherited.
If a person has psoriasis on the head, this does not mean that he will fall out the hair. Flake formation can damage the hair, as the hair roots are much deeper than plaques. The scales of psoriasis are separate from each other. The skin between the healthy and not subject to defeat. They contain a lot of sebum, they form bumps and well be felt on the head.
There are several stages of psoriasis of the scalp:
- Progressing – at this stage, there are new education and existing plaques are distributed on the periphery, outside of the scalp.
- Stationary — at this stage the existing education does not disappear and new ones are formed.
- Regression – at this stage of education on the head will disappear, and instead of plaques formed discolored spots.
Causes of psoriasis on the head
Psoriasis occurs because of violation of metabolic processes in the skin. Many experts believe that it is a multifactorial disease, so causes of psoriasis on your head a lot: metabolic disorders, endocrine disorders, failure of immune system, formation of foci of inflammation in the body, infectious diseases, failure in the hormonal system, injuries to the scalp, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, regular stress and mental disorders, and hereditary factors.
In psoriasis, the body responds inappropriately to external stimuli, therefore, there is increased cell division and rapid growth of the upper layer of the scalp. The body's immune system perceives its own cells as foreign. The normal cycle of cell division and renewal is 25 days. In psoriasis the process is accelerated, and the cycle time is 5 days.
For this reason, the old cells do not have time to fall away, a new superimposed on the old, formed the field of inflammation, bumps, pinkish-white nodules, covered with large epithelial cells. Over time, they coalesce and form large red spots. Education on the scalp do not affect hair growth and contribute to their hair loss. However, when their injuries arise new lesions.
Symptoms of psoriasis on the head
Most often psoriasis affects such areas of the scalp:
- earlobes, skin behind the ears and over them;
- occipital, back of neck and forehead.
Symptoms of psoriasis on the head depend on the form and stage of the disease and manifest in different ways. At the initial stage there is a slight peeling of the skin on specific sectors. Most often, psoriasis occurs on the nape. Then the skin peels off stronger and there is a small irritation and itching. Over time, the itching becomes strong and the patient scratching the skin to prevent cracks and bleeding. Can form wounds and abrasions on the skin.
In the next phase of psoriasis formed large plaques of red color and bumps. The skin becomes dry and inelastic, thickens and breaks easily. On the plaques actively removes dead skin cells, which leads to the formation of gray scales, which can cover almost all the skin under the hair. If the patient is not treated, psoriasis is rapidly spreading beyond the zone hair growth on the rest of the head.
In children, there is redness of the scalp and diaper rash. Formed plaques that are difficult to treat. There is a strong itching, inflammation and pain. In some cases psoriasis can affect the sink's ears, but often suffer from skin behind the ears and over them.
Treatment of psoriasis on the head
Treatment of psoriasis of the scalp is complex and includes many tools for outdoor and indoor use. During and after treatment must adhere to a strict diet that the disease has progressed. The patient is assigned sedatives for stress, vitamins a, B1, B6, B12, C for the recovery processes in the skin, strengthen the immune system. Widely used calcium supplements, folic, nicotinic acid, ATP and other drugs to strengthen the immune system. For outdoor use assign 1-2% salicylic ointment. It is useful to take baths and rinse the scalp with water with the addition of herbal decoctions of sage, chamomile, celandine, succession.
For the treatment of psoriasis on head use medications that contain hormones — corticosteroids. They are highly effective and help to achieve quick results, however, have many side effects, therefore, are prescribed in severe stages of psoriasis. In severe form of psoriasis are advised to make a short cut, as it is often necessary to apply ointments and creams, and wash your hair every day. You need to avoid complicated hairstyles, styling and less likely to pull hair elastic band, barrette. Do not use sharp pins, stealth, curlers, ploek, as they can injure the skin. Hair can be dried with a dryer at a gentle setting so as not to dry the scalp.
Effective drug for the treatment of psoriasis of the scalp is an ad hoc solution. This solution, which is applied to the skin. At the beginning of therapy the skin is treated with a solution 2 times a day, morning and evening. After slowing down plaque formation, the solution can be applied 1 time per day, and later to reduce the process up to 3-4 times a week. Also apply the necessary ointments, gels and shampoos based on tar, zinc for scalp and hair. They eliminate the inflammation, pain symptoms, promote relaxation and skin nourishment.
How to treat psoriasis on the head in other ways: ultraviolet radiation, PUVA therapy, hydrotherapy, laser irradiation, hemosorption, plasmapheresis. Effective are mud and salt baths, therapeutic and prophylactic resorts on the Black and Dead seas.
Treatment of psoriasis on the head folk remedies
Psoriasis on the head of a well-established treatment of folk ways. It includes herbal teas and tinctures on herbs, the treatment of scalp oils, masks for the head based on plants and oils, shampoos, herbal, tar. The most effective folk remedy for psoriasis on the head:
- The most effective remedy for psoriasis is considered to be the celandine. He owns a disinfectant, cauterizing effect, relieves pain symptoms, promote rapid healing of wounds and relieve inflammation. A decoction of celandine is used for bathing, rinsing the head, from the juice of celandine tincture is made and moistened psoriatic plaques.
- Alcohol chamomile extract promotes healing of psoriasis scalp. It should be taken 3 times a day 20 drops.
- Divorced mustard is a good remedy for psoriasis. You will need a dry mustard – 2 tbsp, hot water – 2 tbsp, olive oil or any cosmetic - 2 Ref. L., 1 yolk sugar – 2 tsp mix Everything carefully and apply on the scalp. Leave on for 15-20 minutes to get the head warmed up. The mask can bake, but that's okay. Then rinse your head with warm water.
- To scalp effectively apply the clay mask with sea salt. Mix the clay with salt and add a little water to obtain a paste. Apply on the scalp for 15 minutes, then rinse well with warm water.
- In the treatment of psoriasis of the scalp used slurry from the bow. It stimulates hair growth, relieves inflammation and itching.
Effective home remedy for psoriasis of the head is a compress of oils. After the mask you have to clean the head treatment shampoo. To compress need to heat the mixture of vegetable oils, peanut and olive. Lightly apply oil to the scalp, to massage and wear a shower cap, wrap a towel. The procedure is best done at night, in the morning wash your hair.
Treatment of psoriasis on the head in the home includes several recommendations on hair care. Washing and drying of the hair need to be careful not to damage the plaque. You need to alternate normal and treatment shampoo to quickly restore the moisture balance of the scalp. When drying hair with Hairdryer it should be kept at a distance of 30 cm from the head, and nozzles and nozzles should be used. During treatment it is better not to use tongs and curlers for hair, as hair may fall out. In addition to the head need to wash the skin behind the ears.
You must comply with the therapeutic diet and eliminate harmful foods. Exclude fatty, fried, salted, smoked, spicy dishes, sweets, spicy, canned food, vegetables and fruits red color. They trigger allergies and increase the process of inflammation.