Psoriasis (psoriasis) in the world today has become a mass problem of humankind. Because of its symptoms, the disease continues to cause distrust on the part of healthy individuals and imposes a significant imprint on the character and desire of their communication with patients with psoriasis. Ignorant people can be easily confused with psoriasis is an infectious skin disease and scared of infection. Psoriasis is not an infection and is a dermatosis — a disease infectious nature. The manifestation of this dermatosis occurs in the appearance of the rash and peeling in the form of plaques of different sizes. Age and gender do not affect the development of psoriasis: the disease can be in humans from birth and can appear quite suddenly. Higher percentage gets sick at a young age. Only 4% of the world population suffer from this disease. Psoriasis in Russia the percentage ranges from 0.72% to 11.8% (depending on territory).
The psoriasis treatment does a dermatologist. If you suspect yourself of psoriasis always consult the specialist: he will diagnose you (you may need a skin biopsy) will determine the form of the disease and start treatment.
Causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis is caused by breaking the cycle of division and maturation of skin cells. In this disease ipse atri withering away of the upper layers of the skin occurs faster than usual. There are several opinions of health professionals about the reasons for the development of psoriasis, and this issue is still ongoing. Some distinguish two types of this disease: the first is associated with impaired immune processes, which can be inherited and is more common at a young age, and the second type is not associated with heredity and affects not the skin as the first, and the nails and joints and is common in people of Mature age.
Other researchers tend to believe that the basis for the development of psoriasis are immune system disorders, provoked by other pathologies, stress, unsuitable climate and even diet.
With confidence we can say that psoriasis — a disease infectious nature. Today it is considered an autoimmune disease hereditary mnogofaktorialnym.
The symptoms of psoriasis
The symptoms of psoriasis are bright and noticeable: it is inflammation of the skin in the form of itchy and flaky red spots (papules). Papules (dry patches, Russian books with the stamp of Smolensk above the General level of the skin) coalesce and form a plaque. In Papularum excessive angiogenesis — the formation of excess capillaries. For psoriasis characteristic of rapid skin cell division that does not allow them time to Mature and break intercellular interaction. The immune system in response to these processes produces protective cells, which ultimately act against their own cells. In the conclusion formed by chronic inflammation and the formation of psoriatic scales. When exfoliation papules can be detected more dense skin Foundation, stearin spot and blood Rosa, which also refers to the signs of psoriasis. Place of distribution of such spots tend to be the hairy areas of the scalp, the place skin folds and extensor muscles (knees, elbows, underarms, lower parts of the back, under the Breasts, on the genitals), nails and joints.
Psoriasis divided into three types according to seasonal exacerbations: winter (most common), summer and uncertain.
Psoriatic patches can have different shapes and sizes (in the period of exacerbations can achieve a square, comparable to the palm, and possibly more). The greatest suffering patients brings itching that accompanies the rash. In cases of psoriasis progressive can observe the phenomenon Kebnera, which is manifested in the formation of plaques in areas of skin trauma. In the area of plaques may develop pus and cracks. In cases where psoriasis affects the nail plate, it is possible to observe the deepening and spots on the nails, the plate can become thicker and begin to crumble. The winter symptoms of psoriasis subside in the summer. Summer and psoriasis, on the contrary, under the influence of sunlight intensifies. Progress psoriasis begins gradually and usually under the influence of precipitating injuries, violations of the diet, subsequently, infectious diseases, stress, drug allergies, pregnancy and other sudden changes in the familiar life of the organism.
Stages of psoriasis
In the development of psoriasis there are three stages:
- progressive (characterized by the appearance of new lands will have a large number of small papules);
- stationary (characterized by the absence of appearance of new lesions and the formation of the already affected areas with silvery-white scales);
- retrogressive (characterized by gradual resorption of plaques, normalization of skin color and reducing flaking).
How is psoriasis contagious?
In our article we already discussed the non-infectious nature of psoriasis. This means that psoriasis is not contagious, and do not be afraid of contact and communication with people, which it is. Psoriasis has no transmission either through kissing or through sexual contact or through blood. There is also no contact-household transmission of the disease, so you can safely care for patients with psoriasis and using common objects. Even when touched directly to the infected areas of the skin infection occurs. From all this we can conclude that a person with psoriasis is not dangerous for healthy people, and that this disease should not have any influence on the attitude of the society.
Transfer is affected by psoriasis hereditary — this disease is transmitted from parents to children. In the presence of psoriasis one parent is the percentage of probability of psoriasis in baby is up to 30%, and in the case of illness of both parents — 75%. It follows that the disease may not occur in a child even if both parents suffered from psoriasis. But do not forget that psoriasis is not fully understood, the disease to date. Anyway, the children born ill parents with psoriasis get sick more often than those born from healthy parents. In addition to hereditary factors, cause the development of psoriasis can be sought in the metabolic processes, enzyme, lipid, amino acid metabolism and the presence of viruses and infections.
Where there is psoriasis?
Favorite places of psoriasis is considered to be the region of the flexor and extensor muscles, joints, nails, hair of the head, hands, feet and face. Let us examine in more detail where and how is found the psoriasis.
The nail psoriasis. This disease is well researched, but diagnosing it can be difficult, especially in the presence of fungal diseases. Nail psoriasis may be an independent disease, and consequence of psoriasis vulgaris. The main symptoms of nail psoriasis is considered to be a change in color plates (the appearance of the grey or yellow shades), transverse striations, thickening of the skin around the nails. Special features of nail psoriasis is the symptom of a thimble (formation of pits on the nail plate), bruising under the nail, and trahionihiya (deformation and flattening of the nail, the appearance of roughness and fading of the plate). Treatment of nail psoriasis requires constant nail care, exclude any nail injuries, and nails. To obtain a good result and lack of remission have to include nail care in your daily routine.
Psoriasis flexor and extensor muscles. For psoriasis of the skin in the flexor and extensor muscles is characterized by the appearance of redness in the natural skin folds (elbow and knee folds, armpits, groin, genitals and Breasts). A characteristic feature of this type of psoriasis is no peeling, but there is pain in the area of the rash. Causes of this pathology serves as a strong sweating, especially when combined with fungal infections. Very often psoriasis on hands and feet common in the spring and autumn period.
Psoriasis of the scalp. Psoriasis on the head is a separate disease, but can be combined with another psoriasis. The first symptom of this condition is severe itching in the occipital region. For itching rash to follow, and both frequent and single lesions. Rashes not only appear on the scalp, but also on nearby areas of the skin. The skin behind the ears getting wet and can be covered with cracks. The hair psoriasis of the scalp can be successfully treated, but it takes time.
Psoriasis on the face. On the face psoriasis is not common. It has typical signs of psoriasis of the skin. After papules on the face may remain scars. Psoriasis may speak in the face because of the hereditary predisposition, long-term depression, lower immunity and injuries.
Psoriasis vulgaris. This is the most common form of psoriasis. Symptoms of psoriasis vulgaris are considered as small lesions covered with silvery scales, usually located symmetrically and near the abrasions or cuts.
Guttate psoriasis of the skin. As the name implies, this forms a characteristic rash in the form of drops. Rashes are characterized by high location above the level of the skin and fragmentation. In most cases, guttate psoriasis is observed in girls after a staph infection.
Pustular (exudative) psoriasis. Rash in this form of psoriasis is similar to the blisters of small size with serous not infected liquid inside. The blisters itch, but scratching them at high risk of infection. Pustular psoriasis is difficult to cure, so not worth it to run.
Psoriatic arthritis. This form can not only affect the small joints but also the spine. As symptoms performs joint swelling, inflammation and limitation of joint mobility, joint deformity, which can lead to disability.
The treatment of psoriasis
On forums and in life, people often ask questions about how to treat psoriasis and can I get rid of it forever within a range of prices for treatment of psoriasis, where it is treated? In Moscow the treatment of psoriasis given special attention are the Institute and the medical centers that spetsializiruyutsya on this problem. Funds from psoriasis can be purchased in pharmacies, hospitals, or order through online pharmacy, but first you need to see a doctor (medicine against psoriasis and treatment method are not chosen independently, but only by a dermatologist). Let us examine in more detail how to treat and cure psoriasis.
We developed new therapies and drugs against psoriasis, so in the near future this disease can be completely curable. At the moment, the therapy of psoriasis is aimed at elimination of inflammatory process and the normalization differentsovki of epithelial cells. The treatment of the disease is built by a dermatologist, based on the extensiveness of lesions of the skin, stage of disease, age, gender, tolerability of drugs, and the presence of current diseases. In the treatment of psoriasis use the funds for local and systemic therapy. For topical treatment apply ointments, creams and lotions. In the period of the progressive disease are prescribed hormonal or salicylic ointment. In the composition of systemic therapy use of aromatic retinoids, cyclosporine a, Methotrexate and NSAIDs. Successfully used in the treatment of psoriasis methods such as photochemotherapy (PUVA), selective phototherapy and climatotherapy. Early disease is treated mainly preventive means. Methods of cryotherapy, Plasmapheresis, and ultraviolet light are used by doctors in the more severe forms of psoriasis.
Diet for psoriasis
Diet for psoriasis has a significant importance in the effectiveness of the overall treatment. The body of the patient must come food, normalizes acidity level, causing the weakening of the immune system. Let us learn more what foods can be consumed in psoriasis, and what is not. A teaspoon of honey a day will enrich the body with essential vitamins. Vegetables and fruits will help cleanse your body, and fish oil — excellent source of b vitamins Excellent choice for Breakfast or dinner is pumpkin porridge, rich in minerals and vitamins. Olive oil is the only oil recommended for patients with psoriasis. Mandatory food for psoriasis should be a fatty fish, which strengthens and revitalizes the skin and eliminates irritation.
Folk remedies for psoriasis
In the treatment of psoriasis, became the most popular means, but to use is only with permission of a doctor. Traditional medicine offers for the treatment of psoriasis a variety of recipes for homemade ointments, infusions, and simple healthy recipes. Especially effective folk medicine in the initial stages of psoriasis.
Juice of celandine is one of the most common folk remedies from psoriasis. Therapy juice of celandine is in the summer in the beginning of the flowering plants. For use on damaged skin, use the fresh juice of celandine. To obtain effective results, this procedure should be continued daily for three summers in a row. From the root of celandine, you can prepare the infusion: 4 tablespoons of celandine, 0.5 liters of alcohol. Infuse the mixture for several hours, after which it can be rubbed.
Ointment do of 2 eggs, whipped with vegetable oil with vinegar — helps in early disease. In periods of exacerbations of psoriasis will help bath from the shell nuts. To prepare a bath will need half a kilo of walnuts. Their shell should pour boiling water, strain and add to bath.
Psoriasis apply an infusion of agrimony, ointment from the root meadowsweet herb, the juice of strawberries and cranberries and even fish scales. Should pay attention to the monastic tea from psoriasis. It helps to treat psoriasis at home. Clinical studies have indeed confirmed the medicinal properties of this drink. In the tea are medicinal herbs. Monastic tea from psoriasis you can prepare at home: 1 teaspoon pour a glass of boiling water and insist 10 minutes. You can even eat before meals for 3 weeks.