The development of psoriasis at the initial stage is accompanied by the appearance of lesions on the skin in the form of papules red convex formations outwardly resemble pimples. Their surface is covered with silvery white scales that flake. Being separate, they tend to merge and form large areas.
How does psoriasis
Skin lesions accompanied by itching, redness, peeling at the site of formation of pimples. Most often the lesions are located on the bends of elbows and knees. However, their appearance on other parts of the body, including the face, scalp, hands. With the development of psoriasis affects increasingly large surface of the body. Psoriasis contagious or not you can ask the doctor or read in our article.
Psoriasis initial stages on the head develops on her hairy part, spreading mainly on the skin around the ears, earlobes, forehead, nape, back of the neck, the hairy part. Is also accompanied by itching, peeling of the skin due to formed papules. The symptoms at an early stage have a weak intensity and do not cause significant anxiety to the patient.
The appearance of psoriasis does not depend on age: it occurs in infants and preschoolers. Causes and symptoms of psoriasis development similar to adults. Appear characteristic rash that accompanied by itching and peeling. Treatment regimen is essentially unchanged. Cause of psoriasis in children is often a genetic predisposition. In some cases, hospitalization of the child.
Treatment at home
Psoriasis treatment at home requires a comprehensive approach aimed at struggle against the external manifestations of the disease and achieve remission. When the first signs of psoriasis treatment may consist of medication and supplemented by the use of traditional medicine.
At the initial stage, treatments can be performed at home. They consist of:
- topical treatment;
- oral medicines;
- use of traditional medicine;
- physiotherapy at a day hospital.
As a rule, the question of how to treat psoriasis at the initial stage together with the attending dermatologist. At early stage mostly used local funds to relieve the symptoms, speed up recovery and reduce inflammation of the skin. It is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ointment from psoriasis and creams based on the salicylic acid, Ichthyol and Naftalan ointment.
Therapy can be supplemented with taking antihistamines to relieve itching
As physical therapy used therapy, reflexology, acupuncture, cryotherapy, phototherapy, UV-exposure.
Folk remedies are used in the form:
- lotions, lotions based on herbal extracts;
- ingestion of infusions and decoctions;
- baths with herbs;
- ointments self-production.
Thanks to the restorative and anti-inflammatory properties of herbs and other medicinal plants can cure psoriasis forever, and will have more success.
Treatment should be accompanied by observance of the diet, additional vitamin-mineral complexes, in particular b vitamins and vitamin D. They have a positive impact on the regulation of metabolic processes, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, accelerate the healing period, improve fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
Healthy lifestyle, quiet psycho-emotional atmosphere conducive to more rapid recovery and prevention of aggravation of psoriasis.
Treatment of folk remedies
Folk remedies can Supplement the basic drug therapy, accelerate the regeneration and repair of tissues, to relieve itching and other symptoms of psoriasis.
When the itch and flaking of the skin is very good at helping taking baths with sea salt and extract of Bur marigold and chamomile. To prepare 2 tablespoons of each herb brewed with 1 liter of water. Leave to cool and infuse for 30 minutes. Then strain and add to bath. You also need to add 4-5 tablespoons of sea salt. The duration of the bath is 20 minutes. The water temperature should not be too high.
Also the affected areas on the feet, hands, face and other parts of the body is treated with infusions of herbs. For these purposes, you should brew a teaspoon of nettle, burdock root, licorice and calamus, a series of 2 cups boiling water. Let stand and cool down, wipe the skin several times a day.
To relieve itching and flaking help lotions from chamomile flowers, Valerian root, yarrow, motherwort and series. You need to take 1 tbsp. l. grass pour 1 Cup boiling water. Allow to stand for 30 minutes to ensure that the infusion has cooled to a comfortable temperature. Moisten a clean bandage or gauze in it, apply to problem areas at least 2 times a day.
For faster skin regeneration, of healing, relieve itching, reduce flaking will help the ointment prepared at home.
It is made from:
- fish oil;
- pine resin;
- of aloe juice;
- olive oil;
- birch tar;
The ingredients you need to take in equal proportions. In the received weight to add a few drops of sea buckthorn oil. Leave overnight to infuse. Before applying strain. To lubricate the affected areas daily. Store in a cool dark place with the lid closed.
Sea buckthorn oil
Sea buckthorn oil can be used alone. It has unique properties, promoting faster healing, softens and soothes the skin. Oil can be added to ointments and creams or used alone.
The broth for immunity
As a tonic and to boost immunity in the period of exacerbation of psoriasis it is recommended to drink a decoction of herbs. St. John's wort, nettle leaves and dandelion have medicinal properties and enhance the vitality and give a soothing effect.
The broth should be cooked from herbs mixed in equal proportions.
- Take 1 tbsp. l. mixture, pour clean water and put in a water bath.
- Bring to a boil, turn off and allow to cool. Take half a Cup 2 times a day.
- The course continues to bother until the symptoms of psoriasis. In the preventive purposes it is necessary to repeat the reception 1 once in six months.
Drugs in exacerbation of psoriasis
The main objectives of the psoriasis treatment: eliminate symptoms and achieve long-term remission. As a medication treatment used a wide range of drugs, the effect of which is aimed at solving these tasks.
Used several groups of drugs:
- the cytostatics.
Drugs that are used in the form of ointments, creams and tablet form. They are appointed in the complex and are selected individually. The appointment of certain drugs depends on the extent of psoriasis lesions and the stage of its occurrence.
To accelerate the process of regeneration and decay scales are used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments. Such are the qualities of salicylic, tar, sulfur ointment, cream unna. It's non-hormonal means which is recommended from time to time be alternated to avoid habituation.
Corticosteroids are prescribed in the absence of other means, usually in the later stages of development of psoriasis. Their popularity due to the high efficiency due to the pronounced anti-inflammatory action. One of the negative moments of his frequent use of is the risk of occurrence of psoriasis in a more severe form in the period following relapse. Prolonged use of corticosteroids may cause atrophy of the skin. It is recommended that periodic use of the funds based on them with a mandatory break. Drugs are produced in the form of ointments, creams, and lotions.
Well-proven combination of drugs, which include corticosteroids, antibiotics, salicylic acid.
In addition to drugs that reduce the external manifestations of psoriasis, taken sedatives for the normal psychological background, during stress and emotional arousal. These tools include Valerian and motherwort.
In the presence of itching and allergic reactions, the therapy is supplemented by antihistamines. They are taken as prescribed are not leading in the complex therapy. Reception is carried out orally.
Treatment and prevention of psoriasis not only related to medication during an exacerbation. From the patient is also required diet that the duration of remission was as long as possible.
From the diet is recommended to exclude:
- spicy food;
- spicy seasonings;
To limit the use of:
- of honey;
- citrus fruits and also veggies and fruit red color – tomatoes, strawberries, peppers, etc.;
- whole milk.
Under the strict prohibition of drinking alcohol. Alcohol is one of the factors triggering the worsening of psoriasis.
In psoriasis, it is important to maintain the acid-alkaline balance in the body. The diet should be predominantly alkaline is fruits and vegetables, and to a lesser extent with the formation of acidic environment, that is, to contain meat products, cereals, dairy products, potatoes.
It is also recommended to drink plenty of fluids – at least 1, 5-2 liters of pure non-carbonated water. Also acceptable are fresh juices, but the total volume of liquid consumed will not be included.
The diet should be supplemented by the use of vegetable oils with a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. This can be olive, corn or crude sunflower oil. You must add them to salads and other dishes. However, fry in such oils is not recommended, as they lose their useful properties and contain large amounts of carcinogens after such heat treatment.
In addition to all treatment, to increase the duration of remission, prevention of relapse and achieve maximum efficiency it is necessary to observe certain conditions:
- avoid stressful situations and emotional disorders;
- to exclude alcohol and Smoking;
- to take vitamin-mineral complexes with vitamin D and b vitamins;
- avoid temperature extremes and to prolonged stay in dry, cold or too hot and moist conditions.
- to maintain hydration of the skin and its natural water balance;
- to avoid mechanical damage of the skin.
- when medication is necessary to specify the presence of psoriasis, as some medications can cause aggravation. For example, beta-blockers.
Modern medicine is not yet able to achieve complete healing from psoriasis. Its causes also remain not clear. Therefore, the patient requires careful attention to their health, lifestyle changes, quitting bad habits, to make the period of remission longer and not to aggravate the development of this disease.