When faced with psoriasis, many patients do not immediately recognize pathology as allergic rashes and other dermatitis. For the timely diagnosis of the disease it is important to know how is the pathology, the stage of psoriasis and the symptoms of the disease at different stages. The course of psoriasis is characterized by four stages, among which are primary, progressive, stationary stage and stage of regression. In more detail each of the stages we consider in this article.
The initial stage of psoriasis
Many patients are interested in how does psoriasis at the initial stage? To see the first manifestations of the disease can be in the photo. This stage is characterized by the development of skin typical red, pink spots with clear boundaries. The disease can occur on different parts of the body. Here is a photo of the pathology in different parts of the body.
The symptoms of psoriasis at the initial stage
For early stage disease is characterized by the following symptoms:
- slight peeling of the dermis;
- redness of the skin;
- development itching;
- a feeling of dryness, tightness;
- the formation of spots of different diameters;
- gradual strengthening of peeling.
The clinical picture of the disease can vary depending on the type of disease. So, psoriasis in drops the size of the plaque has a minor diameter of not more than 2 — 3 mm. In the most common, vulgar, rashes remain high more than 5 cm, often merge together, forming a large lake. For pustular psoriasis characterized education on the dermis crusts yellow or greyish with a quantity of serous fluid beneath them.
The initial stage lasts for every patient differently. It depends on the type, the immune system of the patient and other characteristics of the organism.
The treatment of early stage
For the first stages of the disease is often prescribed a topical treatment of lesions with the use of ointments, gels, lotions. Drug therapy is aimed at eliminating itching, flaking, swelling, redness, inflammation. To do this, use of hormonal and non-hormonal ointments.
Hormones in the initial stage is prescribed rarely. Often their use is indicated in patients with the acute course of pathology.
Hormonal ointments often cause side effects. Is recommended to use them solely on prescription.
Progressive stage of psoriasis
Progressive stage characterized by increased manifestations of the disease, plaques becoming more itching, peeling, swelling, inflammation increases. Rashes on the skin begin to blend together, affecting large areas of the dermis. In progress stage is often a symptom as a phenomenon kebnera. The essence of the phenomenon lies in the fact that new lesions appear in areas of injured skin. If the skin has scratches, abrasions, burns, in their place likely to appear plaques. The duration of progress stage lasts on average from 14 days to several months. In each patient, this period of time depends on the individual and on how quickly the immune system to cope with pathology.
Treatment of advanced stage
Acute psoriasis requires a holistic approach using the following methods:
- The use of physiotherapy.
- Correction lifestyle of the patient.
Important! Tactics of treatment is selected individually for each patient depends on the severity of the disease, peculiarities of its course and the presence of complications.
For getting rid of plaque and reduction of symptoms in medical practice uses the following groups of drugs:
- Antihistamines – designed to reduce such symptoms, as itching, redness.
- Sedative medications help remove excessive nervous tension and normalize sleep.
- Anti – inflammatory drugs- reliably relieve inflammation, help eliminate redness and other signs of disease.
- Diuretics are drugs designed for the excretion of excess fluids and salt. These drugs help to clean the body, which positively affects the course of the disease.
- Keratolytic – contribute to a good exfoliation of the epidermis, strengthen the regeneration of the dermis, update it.
- Immunomodulators – govern the operation of the human immune system, which is an important part of healing.
- Hormonal creams give quick results, they are used mainly in severe disease.
- Cytotoxic agents – tend to suppress the immune system, which is sometimes necessary for getting rid of psoriatic plaques.
All drugs should be used only after prescription. Self-medication can only aggravate the course of disease.
Methods of physical therapy include:
- PUVA therapy;
- The use of ultrasonic irradiation.
- Selective therapy.
- The laser beams.
- Paraffin baths.
- The Spa treatment.
The number of sessions and their duration selected by the doctor, given the characteristics and type of disease, as well as personal qualities and General well-being of the patient.
Of folk medical methods are recommended:
- Natural oils (juniper or lavender). Have a healing and calming effect, a beneficial effect on the skin. Method of application: a few drops of oil add in the cream and dot to put on the rash.
- Hydrogen peroxide (3%). Point is applied and not washed off. Before applying you need to consult a dermatologist.
- 30 g of propolis mixed with 250 ml of vegetable oil (pre-boil). The prepared mixture should be applied to dissolve the Horny layer of the epidermis and restore skin elasticity.
- Beeswax. This product has a soothing effect. Beeswax should be melted in a water bath, then carefully applied to the crust that covers papules.
- Med. The main waste product of the bees has a positive effect on the human body for psoriasis. It should be consumed in limited quantities – 2 tablespoons per day.
Tincture against psoriasis
From popular treatments uses all the same oil and hydrogen peroxide.
You can add the tincture on the basis of celandine. For its preparation you will need 3 tablespoons of this plant (dry or fresh) and salt water. In no case can not use alcohol, as this may dry up the skin.
How to prepare a remedy:
- components must be mixed together;
- leave for a couple of hours.
Before applying the tincture of the skin, it is recommended to anoint birch tar (dot) to enhance the therapeutic effect.
In order for therapy to be more effective, the patient should go to the diet, harmful foods cause deterioration.
Diet for psoriasis
Patients who have psoriasis, it is important to follow a proper diet. Diet will quickly cleanse the skin from the plaques to prevent complication of the disease.
The principles of clinical nutrition the following:
- It is necessary to abandon sharp, salty, sour, fried foods. These products only enhance the growth of plaques.
- The diet should be saturated with a large number of vegetables and fruits.
- The main meals it is better to choose cereals, soups, lean fish and meat.
- On the table must not contain food allergens. You need to give up eggs, nuts, chocolate, citrus.
- Drinks with caffeine are also excluded.
- Banned alcohol, carbonated beverages.
- Dairy products should not contain fat. Preference should be given yogurt without additives, kefir, yogurt.
It is recommended to eat small portions avoiding overeating. Diet is an important component of the treatment of the disease. Proper nutrition helps to saturate a body with vitamins, get rid of toxins.
Stationary phase characterized by decline in the growth of psoriatic plaques, and their number on the body is not reduced, the disease seemed to go into sleep mode. In the presence of precipitating factors, pathology with stationary may again go to the stage progress. The reasons for this phenomenon becomes improper treatment, refusal to diet, trauma to the skin. The duration of the stationary phase are so different in different patients, which is quite difficult even to assume it. On average, it takes from several weeks to several years.
Stage regression is the final step before remission of the disease. Here are the following changes:
- The color of the papules with bright red passes into a pale shade of pink.
- Decreases the amount of peeling.
- Goes itching.
- The skin is cleansed, gets a smoother tone and structure.
- While some parts of the body are the so-called "on-duty plaques". These rashes persist, persist on the skin even during remission.
Psoriasis refers to a chronic dermatitis, non-infectious nature. To completely get rid of pathology is to date not possible. Patients who have a pathology, you need a lifetime to adhere to preventive measures to prevent recurrence. Many patients are able to maintain remission for many years and lead a full life.